Technique of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu the South Indian state, represents rich culture and are especially proud of their Dravidian language - Tamil. While India itself is known for vibrant and rich sarees and fabrics, the capital of Tamil Nadu (Chennai) has a large industrial core. They're rich in handicrafts such as leatherwork, hand- loomed silk and Kalamkari which is essentially as hand painted fabric using natural dyes.
Kalamkari is a type of hand painted or block printed cotton fabric. It only has natural dyes. The process of creating kalamkari is incredibly intricate where it involves around twenty- three steps.
Some of the tedious 23 steps include hand - dyeing, bleaching, hand painting, starching, block printing and more. Art like this is primarily used in sarees nowadays. Tanjvavour is well known for its cotton weaving in Tamil Nadu. Cotton has been the most popular textiles of the state. Kanchipuram is most famous for its silks. Another popular fabric is the Kanjeevaram silk made in the Kanchiparum region of Tamil Nadu. The silk is usually made for bridal and special occasion sarees by women. The stunning sarees of this fabric are made by the silk thread to weave the saree, is dipped in a rice water and after naturally dried to increase the stiffness and thickness.
Paithani is a type of sari, originally named after the Paithan town in Mahararashta in India, more specifically in the Aurangabad district. The Paithani design is noticeable for its square designs or 'peacock' design with padar. Plain and spotted type designs are also available while single coloured and geometric designs such as a kaleidoscope is popular. The making of this can include China silk which is a more expensive option. For cheaper alternatives charkha is used often. For a finer quality, Ciddle- Gatta is more smooth, even and shearer. Its known as a 'heirloom' as the sari is usually passed down from generation to generation. Another type of of fabric which is widely used is Kasavu. It is a soft, handloomed cotton cloth which usually has gold threaded boarders. The cloth originates in the south Indian state of Kerala.